(Exo 35:1 NASB) Then Moses assembled all the congregation of the sons of Israel, and said to them, “These are the things that the LORD has commanded you to do.
(Exo 35:2 NASB) “For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death.
Exo 35:2: Since the convenant has been re-instituted, the Tabernacle may now be built. The instructions were given in earlier chapters, but the construction had not yet taken place.
All of Israel was assembled. Building the Tabernacle was a task for all of the people, not just a few skilled craftsmen.
But before construction takes place, Elohim reviews a couple instructions that were given previously. He demands that His Sabbath Day be honored by His people. If anyone does any work on it they are to be put to death.
Christianity has taken it upon themselves to do away with the Sabbath Day and use the day of the sun-god instead. There is absolutely no Scriptural reason to do so. The excuses used are scant and show an illiteracy of Scripture. For instance, the main reason used for gathering on Sunday is that allegedly, Messiah resurrected on that day. But the fact is, He likely resurrected on Saturday evening after the sun went down. They just discovered that He was gone on Sunday morning before the sun came up while it was still dark (John 20:1).
The few Scriptures used to justify Sunday observence are Acts 20:7 and 1 Cor. 16:1-2. Neither Scripture says to change the Sabbath Day.
(Acts 20:7 NASB) And on the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread, Paul began talking to them, intending to depart the next day, and he prolonged his message until midnight.
The reference to “breaking bread” is a Jewish term referring to “eating” or “dining together” and has nothing to do with celebrating the Lord’s Supper or communion or the eucharist or whatever term is used for the church cracker thing, as some claim.
Secondly, this didn’t happen on what we today know as “Sunday.” The Biblical day starts at sundown and ends at the following sundown. This event was a carryover of the Sabbath celebration that continued past sundown from the Sabbath. It does say that Paul “continued his message until midnight.” Therefore, if this occurred on what we call “Sunday,” then this would have been recorded as the second day of the week.
This celebration at the end of the Sabbath is called the havdalah:”
The Havdalah service marks the end of Shabbat. It should be performed no earlier than nightfall on Saturday night. Nightfall is the time when three stars can be seen in the sky. It is normally about 45 minutes to an hour after sundown, depending on your latitude.
They merely continued the havdalah celebration with Paul while he was still among them.
Thirdly, we are told that Paul was about to leave the next day. Naturally, they would have wanted to get together with him as much as possible before he left. To say that this is some kind of ordinance that should be an example for a day of worship is a poor misinterpretation.
Paul was not going to travel great distances on the Sabbath. He waited until the Sabbath was over and for the sun to rise on Sunday morning before he left.
(1 Cor 16:1 NASB) Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I directed the churches of Galatia, so do you also.
(1 Cor 16:2 NASB) On the first day of every week let each one of you put aside and save, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come.
They were not to gather collections on the Sabbath, but wait to do it on the first day of the week. Some Christian teachers claim this passage teaches that the early church met on Sunday. This verse states quite the opposite. The work of collections for provisions for the saints is to take place after the Sabbath has passed.
Paul did not want collections to take place after he got there. That would be a waste of his time with them which was short and very precious.
The last passage that is distorted to lead people to think the Sabbath Day has been done away with is Rev. 1:10, which is the ONLY passage in Scripture which uses the Scripture that is translated as the “Lord’s day.” .
(Rev 1:10 NASB) I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like the sound of a trumpet,
John is not trying to tell us that he is meditating on a Sunday morning.
There are two ways to look at this passage. Possibly, John is saying he is in meditation on the Lord’s Day as a particular day of the week, but that doubtful and meaningless. But if that were the case, it could be effectively argued that a reference to “the Lord’s Day” is still referring to the Sabbath Day, not Sunday.
But the more likely meaning of the passage is this: “I was in the Spirit (meditating) on the Day of the Lord.” This is a valid translation of the verse and it would certainly fit the theme of the Revelation much better than John stating that he is in meditation on some particular day of the week.
If John were trying to start the trend of worshiping on Sunday, he certainly never taught it in any of his writings besides this one comment. And this verse does not reference or implicate a particular day of the week in any way, shape, or form.
The fact is that Elohim’s people are to observe the Sabbath Day and keep it holy.
(Exo 35:3 NASB) “You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day.”
Exo 35:3: This command has caused much discussion in previous times and even today. Rabbinic tradition states that a fire may continue to be burning after the Sabbath day begins. Therefore a fire was often started before the Sabbath Day began and was kept going throughout the day. Many Karaite Jews rejected this rabbinic practice and spend the day in darkness. As a matter of fact, it is probably done to demonstrate early opposition to the Karaites that Rabbinic Judaism made lighting a Sabbath candle obligatory on the eve before the Sabbath.
It is more likely that “kindling a fire” was a reference to the work involved in getting a fire started. Trees had to be cut down, wood had to be chopped and gathered, then a fire could be kindled. And kindling a fire in that day involved using flint or creating a lot of friction, which is very hard work. The only example we have in Scripture is the man who gathered sticks on the Sabbath (Num. 15:32-36). It could be that this passage is referring to that type of work of cutting wood, gathering sticks, and creating sufficient friction to start a fire.
(Exo 35:4 NASB) And Moses spoke to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, saying, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded, saying,
(Exo 35:5 NASB) ‘Take from among you a contribution to the LORD; whoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it as the LORD’S contribution: gold, silver, and bronze,
(Exo 35:6 NASB) and blue, purple and scarlet material, fine linen, goats’ hair,
(Exo 35:7 NASB) and rams’ skins dyed red, and porpoise skins, and acacia wood,
(Exo 35:8 NASB) and oil for lighting, and spices for the anointing oil, and for the fragrant incense,
(Exo 35:9 NASB) and onyx stones and setting stones, for the ephod and for the breastpiece.
Exo 35:9: All of the raw materials used in the construction of the Tabernacle were to be gathered from among all the people. All who wanted to give these items could do so.
(Exo 35:10 NASB) ‘And let every skillful man among you come, and make all that the LORD has commanded:
(Exo 35:11 NASB) the tabernacle, its tent and its covering, its hooks and its boards, its bars, its pillars, and its sockets;
(Exo 35:12 NASB) the ark and its poles, the mercy seat, and the curtain of the screen;
Exo 35:12: The people were either the donators or the craftsmen. Or both.
(Exo 35:13 NASB) the table and its poles, and all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence;
(Exo 35:14 NASB) the lampstand also for the light and its utensils and its lamps and the oil for the light;
(Exo 35:15 NASB) and the altar of incense and its poles, and the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the screen for the doorway at the entrance of the tabernacle;
(Exo 35:16 NASB) the altar of burnt offering with its bronze grating, its poles, and all its utensils, the basin and its stand;
(Exo 35:17 NASB) the hangings of the court, its pillars and its sockets, and the screen for the gate of the court;
(Exo 35:18 NASB) the pegs of the tabernacle and the pegs of the court and their cords;
(Exo 35:19 NASB) the woven garments, for ministering in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests.'”
(Exo 35:20 NASB) Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel departed from Moses’ presence.
(Exo 35:21 NASB) And everyone whose heart stirred him and everyone whose spirit moved him came and brought the LORD’S contribution for the work of the tent of meeting and for all its service and for the holy garments.
Exo 35:21: Ths people did according to how their hearts were moved. They gave out of generosity of both their possessions and their skills.
(Exo 35:22 NASB) Then all whose hearts moved them, both men and women, came and brought brooches and earrings and signet rings and bracelets, all articles of gold; so did every man who presented an offering of gold to the LORD.
(Exo 35:23 NASB) And every man, who had in his possession blue and purple and scarlet material and fine linen and goats’ hair and rams’ skins dyed red and porpoise skins, brought them.
(Exo 35:24 NASB) Everyone who could make a contribution of silver and bronze brought the LORD’S contribution; and every man, who had in his possession acacia wood for any work of the service, brought it.
Exo 35:24: The contributions were gathered from the people. The people did not bring junk. They brought from the best of their possessions.
(Exo 35:25 NASB) And all the skilled women spun with their hands, and brought what they had spun, in blue and purple and scarlet material and in fine linen.
(Exo 35:26 NASB) And all the women whose heart stirred with a skill spun the goats’ hair.
Exo 35:26: The women contributed with all the fabric making involved in the curtains and the garments.
(Exo 35:27 NASB) And the rulers brought the onyx stones and the stones for setting for the ephod and for the breastpiece;
(Exo 35:28 NASB) and the spice and the oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense.
(Exo 35:29 NASB) The Israelites, all the men and women, whose heart moved them to bring material for all the work, which the LORD had commanded through Moses to be done, brought a freewill offering to the LORD.
Exo 35:29: The rulers gave from their belongings too. All the people whose heart was moved, gave.
(Exo 35:30 NASB) Then Moses said to the sons of Israel, “See, the LORD has called by name Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah.
(Exo 35:31 NASB) “And He has filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding and in knowledge and in all craftsmanship;
(Exo 35:32 NASB) to make designs for working in gold and in silver and in bronze,
(Exo 35:33 NASB) and in the cutting of stones for settings, and in the carving of wood, so as to perform in every inventive work.
Exo 35:33: Bezalel was skilled in the art of designs and carving. Elohim granted him that skill for this job.
(Exo 35:34 NASB) “He also has put in his heart to teach, both he and Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.
(Exo 35:35 NASB) “He has filled them with skill to perform every work of an engraver and of a designer and of an embroiderer, in blue and in purple and in scarlet material, and in fine linen, and of a weaver, as performers of every work and makers of designs.
Exo 35:35: Oholiab was also skilled in engraving and designing. But it appears that Aaron was not asked to do this.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas