(Exo 6:1 NASB) Then the LORD said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for under compulsion he shall let them go, and under compulsion he shall drive them out of his land.”
Exo 6:1: Elohim will force the hand of Pharaoh to release Israel. He will have no choice.
(Exo 6:2 NASB) God spoke further to Moses and said to him, “I am the LORD;
(Exo 6:3 NASB) and I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name, LORD, I did not make Myself known to them.
Exo 6:3: Elohim is apparently not saying that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did not know Him by “Yahweh,” because they did (Gen. 12:7-8). Rather, He is saying that Israel did not know the power in the name of Yahweh and it was not previously demonstrated to them.
He is going to demonstrate to them that His Word is steadfast and that He will keep His covenant He made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob by delivering them from Egypt and into the land of Canaan.
(Exo 6:4 NASB) “And I also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land in which they sojourned.
(Exo 6:5 NASB) “And furthermore I have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, because the Egyptians are holding them in bondage; and I have remembered My covenant.
Exo 6:5: Elohim will keep His promise to them.
(Exo 6:6 NASB) “Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, ‘I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
(Exo 6:7 NASB) ‘Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God; and you shall know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
(Exo 6:8 NASB) ‘And I will bring you to the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and I will give it to you for a possession; I am the LORD.’”
Exo 6:8: There are seven verbs used to describe what Yahweh will do for Israel:
1. “I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians..”
2. “I will deliver you from their bondage..”
3. “I will redeem you..”
4. “I will take you for My people..”
5. “You will know that I am Yahweh, your Elohim.”
6. “I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”
7. “I will give it to you as a heritage.”
These are the purposes in the actions of Elohim
(Exo 6:9 NASB) So Moses spoke thus to the sons of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses on account of their despondency and cruel bondage.
Exo 6:9: So often the tragedies of the immediate circumstances cloud one’s ability to hear the True words of comfort and hope. They had lost heart at this time.
(Exo 6:10 NASB) Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Exo 6:11 NASB) “Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the sons of Israel go out of his land.”
(Exo 6:12 NASB) But Moses spoke before the LORD, saying, “Behold, the sons of Israel have not listened to me; how then will Pharaoh listen to me, for I am unskilled in speech?”
Exo 6:12: Moses reverts back to his old excuses. He, too, has lost heart. This may look as though Moses IS saying that he has a speech impediment. But the term translated as “unskilled in speech” should actually be translated as “uncircumcised lips” as most other translations do.
(Exo 6:13 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, and gave them a charge to the sons of Israel and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
Exo 6:13: Elohim gave a command for Moses and Aaron to give to the children of Israel and to Pharaoh. They are to come out of Egypt.
(Exo 6:14 NASB) These are the heads of their fathers’ households. The sons of Reuben, Israel’s first-born: Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi; these are the families of Reuben.
(Exo 6:15 NASB) And the sons of Simeon: Jemuel and Jamin and Ohad and Jachin and Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the families of Simeon.
(Exo 6:16 NASB) And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon and Kohath and Merari; and the length of Levi’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years.
Exo 6:16: This genealogy is given to show the lineage of Moses and Aaron and to show their rightful place as deliverers of the people of Israel.
(Exo 6:17 NASB) The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, according to their families.
(Exo 6:18 NASB) And the sons of Kohath: Amram and Izhar and Hebron and Uzziel; and the length of Kohath’s life was one hundred and thirty-three years.
(Exo 6:19 NASB) And the sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their generations.
(Exo 6:20 NASB) And Amram married his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses; and the length of Amram’s life was one hundred and thirty-seven years.
Exo 6:20: Moses’ father married his father’s sister, which is against Torah (Lev. 18:12). This probably led to Moses feeling of unworthiness in his mission as deliverer and may have led him to his initial excuse against doing so (Ex. 3:10-11).
(Exo 6:21 NASB) And the sons of Izhar: Korah and Nepheg and Zichri.
(Exo 6:22 NASB) And the sons of Uzziel: Mishael and Elzaphan and Sithri.
(Exo 6:23 NASB) And Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab, the sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
(Exo 6:24 NASB) And the sons of Korah: Assir and Elkanah and Abiasaph; these are the families of the Korahites.
(Exo 6:25 NASB) And Aaron’s son Eleazar married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’ households of the Levites according to their families.
(Exo 6:26 NASB) It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said, “Bring out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their hosts.”
Exo 6:26: This is the genealogy of Moses and Aaron.
(Exo 6:27 NASB) They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing out the sons of Israel from Egypt; it was the same Moses and Aaron.
(Exo 6:28 NASB) Now it came about on the day when the LORD spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,
(Exo 6:29 NASB) that the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, “I am the LORD; speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I speak to you.”
(Exo 6:30 NASB) But Moses said before the LORD, “Behold, I am unskilled in speech; how then will Pharaoh listen to me?”
Exo 6:30: This should be “uncircumcised lips” once again. He is making a reference to the lack of authority in his words to Pharaoh since Pharaoh is rebelling against everything he says. Moses feels inadequate, defeated, and unworthy.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas