Leviticus 14: This chapter is a continuation of the laws of chapter 13. This chapter can be divided up into two parts. Verses 1-32 describe the purification rites of someone who had previously been declared infected with tsara’at. Verses 32-53 describe mud covered or plastered building stones that are infected with tsara’at.
(Lev 14:1 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 14:2 NASB) “This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing. Now he shall be brought to the priest,
(Lev 14:3 NASB) and the priest shall go out to the outside of the camp. Thus the priest shall look, and if the infection of leprosy has been healed in the leper,
(Lev 14:4 NASB) then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed.
Lev 14:4: If a leper is cleansed, he is to go to the priest so that the priest can declare him cured and can take him through the purification rites. The priest uses cedar wood, a scarlet cloth and hyssop. These are the same items used in the making of the mixture of the ashes of the red heifer which is used for the purification of someone who is unclean (Num. 19:6-9).
Yeshua told those that He cured of tsara’at to go to the priest as commanded in Torah (Matt. 8:2-4, Luke 17:12-14).
(Lev 14:5 NASB) “The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.
(Lev 14:6 NASB) “As for the live bird, he shall take it, together with the cedar wood and the scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the running water.
(Lev 14:7 NASB) “He shall then sprinkle seven times the one who is to be cleansed from the leprosy, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the live bird go free over the open field.
Lev 14:7: Two birds are used in the ritual cleansing of the former leper. Two animals are used in other sacrifices such as on the Day of Atonement where two goats are used.
The one bird is killed and the other is set free. This appears to be a picture of the death and resurrection of Messiah. The whole process of having leprosy and then being cured is a picture of the certain death of man that turns to life and freedom through the Spirit of the Father.
Being sprinkled seven times indicates the thoroughness, or completeness, of the cleansing.
(Lev 14:8 NASB) “The one to be cleansed shall then wash his clothes and shave off all his hair, and bathe in water and be clean. Now afterward, he may enter the camp, but he shall stay outside his tent for seven days.
(Lev 14:9 NASB) “And it will be on the seventh day that he shall shave off all his hair: he shall shave his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair. He shall then wash his clothes and bathe his body in water and be clean.
Lev 14:9: The one who is to be cleansed was to shave off all the hair on his body, bathe, and wash his clothes. The shaving of all the hair is probably to show that the leprosy is not hidden anywhere on the body.
(Lev 14:10 NASB) “Now on the eighth day he is to take two male lambs without defect, and a yearling ewe lamb without defect, and three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and one log of oil;
(Lev 14:11 NASB) and the priest who pronounces him clean shall present the man to be cleansed and the aforesaid before the LORD at the doorway of the tent of meeting.
(Lev 14:12 NASB) “Then the priest shall take the one male lamb and bring it for a guilt offering, with the log of oil, and present them as a wave offering before the LORD.
Lev 14:12: The man is cleansed from his disease, but he now must be reconciled to Elohim for his sin from his unclean state. There are two male lambs and one ewe lamb were used for offerings. One sheep was used as a guilt offering and the other for a burnt offering. The ewe lamb is used as sin offering.
(Lev 14:13 NASB) “Next he shall slaughter the male lamb in the place where they slaughter the sin offering and the burnt offering, at the place of the sanctuary– for the guilt offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest; it is most holy.
(Lev 14:14 NASB) “The priest shall then take some of the blood of the guilt offering, and the priest shall put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
Lev 14:14: Blood is placed upon the lobe of the right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and the big toe on the right foot. This is very similar to the rite used to consecrate priests in Leviticus 8. Keep in mind that the priestly-type cleansing has already taken place.
(Lev 14:15 NASB) “The priest shall also take some of the log of oil, and pour it into his left palm;
(Lev 14:16 NASB) the priest shall then dip his right-hand finger into the oil that is in his left palm, and with his finger sprinkle some of the oil seven times before the LORD.
(Lev 14:17 NASB) “And of the remaining oil which is in his palm, the priest shall put some on the right ear lobe of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the blood of the guilt offering;
Lev 14:17: All these things are necessary to secure expiation, or purification.
(Lev 14:18 NASB) while the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm, he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the LORD.
(Lev 14:19 NASB) “The priest shall next offer the sin offering and make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Then afterward, he shall slaughter the burnt offering.
(Lev 14:20 NASB) “And the priest shall offer up the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. Thus the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be clean.
Lev 14:20: After the rites are performed, the formerly diseased man is declared “clean.” The following verses describe what must happen if a man is of little means and cannot afford the standard sacrifices.
(Lev 14:21 NASB) “But if he is poor, and his means are insufficient, then he is to take one male lamb for a guilt offering as a wave offering to make atonement for him, and one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, and a log of oil,
(Lev 14:22 NASB) and two turtledoves or two young pigeons which are within his means, the one shall be a sin offering and the other a burnt offering.
(Lev 14:23 NASB) “Then the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing to the priest, at the doorway of the tent of meeting, before the LORD.
Lev 14:23: The rites in verses 21-32 are identical except that birds are substituted for animals for the burnt and sin offerings.
(Lev 14:24 NASB) “And the priest shall take the lamb of the guilt offering, and the log of oil, and the priest shall offer them for a wave offering before the LORD.
(Lev 14:25 NASB) “Next he shall slaughter the lamb of the guilt offering; and the priest is to take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot.
Lev 14:25: The guilt offering must still be a lamb. There cannot be a substitute for that offering.
(Lev 14:26 NASB) “The priest shall also pour some of the oil into his left palm;
(Lev 14:27 NASB) and with his right-hand finger the priest shall sprinkle some of the oil that is in his left palm seven times before the LORD.
(Lev 14:28 NASB) “The priest shall then put some of the oil that is in his palm on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the guilt offering.
(Lev 14:29 NASB) “Moreover, the rest of the oil that is in the priest’s palm he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement on his behalf before the LORD.
(Lev 14:30 NASB) “He shall then offer one of the turtledoves or young pigeons, which are within his means.
(Lev 14:31 NASB) “He shall offer what he can afford, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, together with the grain offering. So the priest shall make atonement before the LORD on behalf of the one to be cleansed.
(Lev 14:32 NASB) “This is the law for him in whom there is an infection of leprosy, whose means are limited for his cleansing.”
(Lev 14:33 NASB) The LORD further spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,
(Lev 14:34 NASB) “When you enter the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession, and I put a mark of leprosy on a house in the land of your possession,
(Lev 14:35 NASB) then the one who owns the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, ‘Something like a mark of leprosy has become visible to me in the house.’
Lev 14:35: Tsara’at could infect the plaster, wall mud, or stone walls of a residence. If that happens, then the infection is to be reported to the priest.
Notice that the Scripture says “and I put a mark of leprosy on a house..” It is Elohim that places this disease.
(Lev 14:36 NASB) “The priest shall then order that they empty the house before the priest goes in to look at the mark, so that everything in the house need not become unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to look at the house.
(Lev 14:37 NASB) “So he shall look at the mark, and if the mark on the walls of the house has greenish or reddish depressions, and appears deeper than the surface;
(Lev 14:38 NASB) then the priest shall come out of the house, to the doorway, and quarantine the house for seven days.
(Lev 14:39 NASB) “And the priest shall return on the seventh day and make an inspection. If the mark has indeed spread in the walls of the house,
Lev 14:39: The diagnosis of tsara’at in a house is similar to the diagnosis of it on a person. The priest needed to return to inspect it.
(Lev 14:40 NASB) then the priest shall order them to tear out the stones with the mark in them and throw them away at an unclean place outside the city.
(Lev 14:41 NASB) “And he shall have the house scraped all around inside, and they shall dump the plaster that they scrape off at an unclean place outside the city.
(Lev 14:42 NASB) “Then they shall take other stones and replace those stones; and he shall take other plaster and replaster the house.
Lev 14:42: The infected areas were to be taken outside the city and disposed of.
(Lev 14:43 NASB) “If, however, the mark breaks out again in the house, after he has torn out the stones and scraped the house, and after it has been replastered,
(Lev 14:44 NASB) then the priest shall come in and make an inspection. If he sees that the mark has indeed spread in the house, it is a malignant mark in the house; it is unclean.
(Lev 14:45 NASB) “He shall therefore tear down the house, its stones, and its timbers, and all the plaster of the house, and he shall take them outside the city to an unclean place.
Lev 14:45: If the case of tsara’at is acute, then the whole house is to be demolished and all the parts of the house are to be taken outside the city.
(Lev 14:46 NASB) “Moreover, whoever goes into the house during the time that he has quarantined it, becomes unclean until evening.
(Lev 14:47 NASB) “Likewise, whoever lies down in the house shall wash his clothes, and whoever eats in the house shall wash his clothes.
Lev 14:47: Anyone who enters the house during it’s time of quarantine is impure or unclean until evening. Plus if the person laid down in the house or ate in the house must wash his clothes.
(Lev 14:48 NASB) “If, on the other hand, the priest comes in and makes an inspection, and the mark has not indeed spread in the house after the house has been replastered, then the priest shall pronounce the house clean because the mark has not reappeared.
(Lev 14:49 NASB) “To cleanse the house then, he shall take two birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop,
(Lev 14:50 NASB) and he shall slaughter the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.
Lev 14:50: In the case of the house being declared clean, the two birds are again used as a designator that the house has been purified.
(Lev 14:51 NASB) “Then he shall take the cedar wood and the hyssop and the scarlet string, with the live bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, as well as in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times.
(Lev 14:52 NASB) “He shall thus cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and with the running water, along with the live bird and with the cedar wood and with the hyssop and with the scarlet string.
(Lev 14:53 NASB) “However, he shall let the live bird go free outside the city into the open field. So he shall make atonement for the house, and it shall be clean.”
Lev 14:53: The one bird dies and the other is set free, just as in the case of a cleansed person.
Keep in mind that apparently tsara’at is a disease brought on by sin. The question then arises, how can a house get it? There are sometimes sins that occur within the walls of a home that no one else is aware of…
(Lev 14:54 NASB) This is the law for any mark of leprosy– even for a scale,
(Lev 14:55 NASB) and for the leprous garment or house,
(Lev 14:56 NASB) and for a swelling, and for a scab, and for a bright spot–
(Lev 14:57 NASB) to teach when they are unclean, and when they are clean. This is the law of leprosy.
Lev 14:57: These are the laws of tsara’at.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas