Leviticus 6: The first five chapters in Leviticus detailed the mechanics of the five offerings. These next two chapters emphasize the ritual of the sacrifices. They detail the care the priests must take in handling the offerings.
(Lev 6:1 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 6:2 NASB) “When a person sins and acts unfaithfully against the LORD, and deceives his companion in regard to a deposit or a security entrusted to him, or through robbery, or if he has extorted from his companion,
Lev 6:2: The trespass offering illustrates for us that when we sin, we sin against Elohim (Psalm 51:4).
(Lev 6:3 NASB) or has found what was lost and lied about it and sworn falsely, so that he sins in regard to any one of the things a man may do;
(Lev 6:4 NASB) then it shall be, when he sins and becomes guilty, that he shall restore what he took by robbery, or what he got by extortion, or the deposit which was entrusted to him, or the lost thing which he found,
(Lev 6:5 NASB) or anything about which he swore falsely; he shall make restitution for it in full, and add to it one-fifth more. He shall give it to the one to whom it belongs on the day he presents his guilt offering.
Lev 6:5: The property itself if it is still remaining, or it’s full value, plus 20% will be added to compensate for the loss. He must also being a trespass offering to Elohim. This shows that restitution and repentance alone are not enough to totally compensate for sin. A sacrifice is still needed to cleanse the offender.
(Lev 6:6 NASB) “Then he shall bring to the priest his guilt offering to the LORD, a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation, for a guilt offering,
(Lev 6:7 NASB) and the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD; and he shall be forgiven for any one of the things which he may have done to incur guilt.”
Lev 6:7: Even though repentance and restitution took place, the guilt offering must be given. Then forgiveness can take place.
(Lev 6:8 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 6:9 NASB) “Command Aaron and his sons, saying, ‘This is the law for the burnt offering: the burnt offering itself shall remain on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning, and the fire on the altar is to be kept burning on it.
(Lev 6:10 NASB) ‘And the priest is to put on his linen robe, and he shall put on undergarments next to his flesh; and he shall take up the ashes to which the fire reduces the burnt offering on the altar, and place them beside the altar.
Lev 6:10: This section now discusses the laws of the offerings. The previous section is included in chapter 5 of some Hebrew Bibles.
Notice the care which must be taken with the burnt offering. It is to remain on the altar at night until daylight returns. This is another picture of the Ultimate Sacrifice, Yeshua Messiah, and what He did for us. He hung on the tree through the darkness until it became light again (Matt. 27:45-46).
(Lev 6:11 NASB) ‘Then he shall take off his garments and put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place.
(Lev 6:12 NASB) ‘And the fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it. It shall not go out, but the priest shall burn wood on it every morning; and he shall lay out the burnt offering on it, and offer up in smoke the fat portions of the peace offerings on it.
(Lev 6:13 NASB) ‘Fire shall be kept burning continually on the altar; it is not to go out.
Lev 6:13: The daily or continual burnt offering consisted of two lambs, one sacrificed in the morning and the other in the evening (Ex. 29:38-42; Num. 28:3-8). Additional burnt offerings were offered on Sabbaths, New Moons (the beginning of each month), and the religious festivals (Num. 28:9-29:40).
While the Israelites were camped and not marching in the wilderness, the fire on the altar was to be kept burning both day and night. The emphasis, however, was not on the fire itself, but on the continual burnt offering which symbolized the consecration of the nation unto Elohim.
(Lev 6:14 NASB) ‘Now this is the law of the grain offering: the sons of Aaron shall present it before the LORD in front of the altar.
(Lev 6:15 NASB) ‘Then one of them shall lift up from it a handful of the fine flour of the grain offering, with its oil and all the incense that is on the grain offering, and he shall offer it up in smoke on the altar, a soothing aroma, as its memorial offering to the LORD.
(Lev 6:16 NASB) ‘And what is left of it Aaron and his sons are to eat. It shall be eaten as unleavened cakes in a holy place; they are to eat it in the court of the tent of meeting.
Lev 6:16: This is the law of the grain offering given in chapter 2. What was not mentioned is that the priests were to partake of the grain offering. The part that was not eaten was to be destroyed.
(Lev 6:17 NASB) ‘It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their share from My offerings by fire; it is most holy, like the sin offering and the guilt offering.
(Lev 6:18 NASB) ‘Every male among the sons of Aaron may eat it; it is a permanent ordinance throughout your generations, from the offerings by fire to the LORD. Whoever touches them shall become consecrated.'”
Lev 6:18: The priests who take part in this must be set-apart and clean. They cannot be under any defilement or uncleanness.
(Lev 6:19 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 6:20 NASB) “This is the offering which Aaron and his sons are to present to the LORD on the day when he is anointed; the tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half of it in the evening.
(Lev 6:21 NASB) “It shall be prepared with oil on a griddle. When it is well stirred, you shall bring it. You shall present the grain offering in baked pieces as a soothing aroma to the LORD.
Lev 6:21: This offering seems to have been required of the high priest alone “on the day in which he was anointed,” and from that time, every morning and evening, as long as he continued in office, and then in like manner of his successor. The term “the sons of Aaron,” may be understood as his descendants and successors in the high priesthood, in their generations.
(Lev 6:22 NASB) “And the anointed priest who will be in his place among his sons shall offer it. By a permanent ordinance it shall be entirely offered up in smoke to the LORD.
(Lev 6:23 NASB) “So every grain offering of the priest shall be burned entirely. It shall not be eaten.”
Lev 6:23: The priests offering is not to be shared with others. They bear and expiate their own sins and this offering is for them. They are not to partake of it.
(Lev 6:24 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 6:25 NASB) “Speak to Aaron and to his sons, saying, ‘This is the law of the sin offering: in the place where the burnt offering is slain the sin offering shall be slain before the LORD; it is most holy.
(Lev 6:26 NASB) ‘The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. It shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the tent of meeting.
Lev 6:26: The sin offerings of others will be eaten by the priest that offers it.
(Lev 6:27 NASB) ‘Anyone who touches its flesh shall become consecrated; and when any of its blood splashes on a garment, in a holy place you shall wash what was splashed on.
(Lev 6:28 NASB) ‘Also the earthenware vessel in which it was boiled shall be broken; and if it was boiled in a bronze vessel, then it shall be scoured and rinsed in water.
Lev 6:28: Anyone who eats of this sacrifice must also be consecrated and clean of all defilement. If blood is splattered on the garments, it is to be laundered. It would be improper if any of the blood was not used for it’s intended purpose.
Since pottery will absorb some of the flesh of the sacrifice, it must be destroyed after it is used. Bronze vessels are to be thoroughly cleaned. Once again, the details taken to prevent microbiological infection are astounding.
(Lev 6:29 NASB) ‘Every male among the priests may eat of it; it is most holy.
(Lev 6:30 NASB) ‘But no sin offering of which any of the blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the holy place shall be eaten; it shall be burned with fire.
Lev 6:30: If the sin offering is for atonement in the Holy Place, it is not to be eaten because the blood of that animal had been carried into the Tabernacle. This happens if the sin offering is a bull.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas