(Lev 7:1 NASB) ‘Now this is the law of the guilt offering; it is most holy.
Lev 7:1: The laws of the guilt offering are similar to the laws of the sin offering of chapter six.
(Lev 7:2 NASB) ‘In the place where they slay the burnt offering they are to slay the guilt offering, and he shall sprinkle its blood around on the altar.
(Lev 7:3 NASB) ‘Then he shall offer from it all its fat: the fat tail and the fat that covers the entrails,
(Lev 7:4 NASB) and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, which is on the loins, and the lobe on the liver he shall remove with the kidneys.
(Lev 7:5 NASB) ‘And the priest shall offer them up in smoke on the altar as an offering by fire to the LORD; it is a guilt offering.
(Lev 7:6 NASB) ‘Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy.
(Lev 7:7 NASB) ‘The guilt offering is like the sin offering, there is one law for them; the priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.
Lev 7:7: The guilt offering is similar in mechanics to the sin offering. The purpose of the two is different. The sin offering is compensation to Elohim (after one compensates to those who were offended) for your unintentional sin. The guilt offering is for cleansing of the unclean condition of the offender.
(Lev 7:8 NASB) ‘Also the priest who presents any man’s burnt offering, that priest shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has presented.
Lev 7:8: The entire offering is not consumed by fire. The skin is payment to the priest. The hides were apparently valuable, as they were probably used as mattresses or carpets in that day.
(Lev 7:9 NASB) ‘Likewise, every grain offering that is baked in the oven, and everything prepared in a pan or on a griddle, shall belong to the priest who presents it.
(Lev 7:10 NASB) ‘And every grain offering mixed with oil, or dry, shall belong to all the sons of Aaron, to all alike.
Lev 7:10: Verses 9 and 10 appear to be saying different things about the same offering. It would seem that the grain offerings presented would be the property of the priest who presents it and he may share it with the other priests.
(Lev 7:11 NASB) ‘Now this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings which shall be presented to the LORD.
(Lev 7:12 NASB) ‘If he offers it by way of thanksgiving, then along with the sacrifice of thanksgiving he shall offer unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil, and cakes of well stirred fine flour mixed with oil.
Lev 7:12: A thanksgiving offering is one often given at a time of deliverance from danger or misfortune. It is to be given with unleavened cakes and unleavened wafers.
(Lev 7:13 NASB) ‘With the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving, he shall present his offering with cakes of leavened bread.
(Lev 7:14 NASB) ‘And of this he shall present one of every offering as a contribution to the LORD; it shall belong to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings.
Lev 7:14: Along with the unleavened cakes and wafers, the offerer is to present cakes of leavened bread to the priest. These leavened cakes cannot be presented on the altar (Lev. 2:11). This is part of the payment to the priest who sprinkled the blood of the peace offerings.
(Lev 7:15 NASB) ‘Now as for the flesh of the sacrifice of his thanksgiving peace offerings, it shall be eaten on the day of his offering; he shall not leave any of it over until morning.
(Lev 7:16 NASB) ‘But if the sacrifice of his offering is a votive or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice; and on the next day what is left of it may be eaten;
(Lev 7:17 NASB) but what is left over from the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire.
Lev 7:17: The flesh of the thanksgiving peace offerings must be eaten that day. However if the sacrifice is a freewill offering, then it may be eaten the next day.
If any is still leftover after that, then all of it must be burned. This is another example of the foreknowledge of bacteria and other problems with meat sitting out too long.
(Lev 7:18 NASB) ‘So if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings should ever be eaten on the third day, he who offers it shall not be accepted, and it shall not be reckoned to his benefit. It shall be an offensive thing, and the person who eats of it shall bear his own iniquity.
(Lev 7:19 NASB) ‘Also the flesh that touches anything unclean shall not be eaten; it shall be burned with fire. As for other flesh, anyone who is clean may eat such flesh.
Lev 7:19: Flesh of the sacrifice of the peace offering is unclean after two days. If it is eaten, that person is unclean. It would appear that bacteria accumulation is being referenced as an uncleanness that makes the one who partakes of it unclean. Once again, the microbiological insights here are incredible.
(Lev 7:20 NASB) ‘But the person who eats the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belong to the LORD, in his uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from his people.
(Lev 7:21 NASB) ‘And when anyone touches anything unclean, whether human uncleanness, or an unclean animal, or any unclean detestable thing, and eats of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belong to the LORD, that person shall be cut off from his people.'”
Lev 7:21: Anyone who partakes of the Peace Offering is to be clean in every way. Coming into contact with these things mentioned do definitely contaminate the offering and make it unclean. If someone does this, they are to be cut off from among the people.
(Lev 7:22 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 7:23 NASB) “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall not eat any fat from an ox, a sheep, or a goat.
(Lev 7:24 NASB) ‘Also the fat of an animal which dies, and the fat of an animal torn by beasts, may be put to any other use, but you must certainly not eat it.
(Lev 7:25 NASB) ‘For whoever eats the fat of the animal from which an offering by fire is offered to the LORD, even the person who eats shall be cut off from his people.
Lev 7:25: The fat of an animal is extremely unhealthy and is not to be eaten at any time. This is referring to the external fat on beef and other clean animals. Not only is it known to be very unhealthy, but whoever eats it is to be cut off from among the people.
(Lev 7:26 NASB) ‘And you are not to eat any blood, either of bird or animal, in any of your dwellings.
(Lev 7:27 NASB) ‘Any person who eats any blood, even that person shall be cut off from his people.'”
Lev 7:27: Blood is another extremely unhealthy substance. We are now aware of the disease, bacteria, and viruses that can be contained in the blood.
It is through the blood that we receive atonement. It is through the blood of Messiah that we receive forgiveness. It was common (and still is) for pagan people to eat blood.
Participating in pagan ritual makes people unclean and they are to be cut off form the people. This is the message that the Jerusalem council gave Gentiles. They were not to be a part of pagan ritual, then they could be enter the synagogue and learn of Torah and of Messiah (Acts 15:19-21).
(Lev 7:28 NASB) Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
(Lev 7:29 NASB) “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the LORD shall bring his offering to the LORD from the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
(Lev 7:30 NASB) ‘His own hands are to bring offerings by fire to the LORD. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be presented as a wave offering before the LORD.
Lev 7:30: Whoever brings a peace offering is to bring it personally to Elohim.
(Lev 7:31 NASB) ‘And the priest shall offer up the fat in smoke on the altar; but the breast shall belong to Aaron and his sons.
(Lev 7:32 NASB) ‘And you shall give the right thigh to the priest as a contribution from the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
(Lev 7:33 NASB) ‘The one among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings and the fat, the right thigh shall be his as his portion.
(Lev 7:34 NASB) ‘For I have taken the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the contribution from the sons of Israel from the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their due forever from the sons of Israel.
Lev 7:34: The priests get the most nutritious and best tasting parts of the offerings.
(Lev 7:35 NASB) ‘This is that which is consecrated to Aaron and that which is consecrated to his sons from the offerings by fire to the LORD, in that day when he presented them to serve as priests to the LORD.
(Lev 7:36 NASB) ‘These the LORD had commanded to be given them from the sons of Israel in the day that He anointed them. It is their due forever throughout their generations.'”
Lev 7:36: If there was a place designated by Elohim for sacrifices to be done, these laws would certainly be in effect today.
(Lev 7:37 NASB) This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering and the sin offering and the guilt offering and the ordination offering and the sacrifice of peace offerings,
(Lev 7:38 NASB) which the LORD commanded Moses at Mount Sinai in the day that He commanded the sons of Israel to present their offerings to the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai.
Lev 7:38: These are the laws of the offerings. Several things still apply to our daily lives such as the prohibitions of eating blood, eating the outer fat of an animal, eating things strangled, and eating things found dead.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas