(Luke 24:1 NASB) But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
(Luke 24:2 NASB) And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb,
(Luke 24:3 NASB) but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
Luke 24:3: This text and the other three Gospels state that they came to the tomb early on Sunday morning. It does not state that Yeshua resurrected on Sunday morning. He likely resurrected on what we know as Saturday night after the sun went down on the Sabbath Day, not on Sunday morning. When they arrived at the break of dawn, He was already gone.
(Luke 24:4 NASB) And it happened that while they were perplexed about this, behold, two men suddenly stood near them in dazzling apparel;
(Luke 24:5 NASB) and as the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living One among the dead?
(Luke 24:6 NASB) “He is not here, but He has risen. Remember how He spoke to you while He was still in Galilee,
(Luke 24:7 NASB) saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.”
Luke 24:7: Yeshua told His disciples that He would be delivered into the hands of men, killed and would resurrect (Matt. 17:22-23).
(Luke 24:8 NASB) And they remembered His words,
(Luke 24:9 NASB) and returned from the tomb and reported all these things to the eleven and to all the rest.
(Luke 24:10 NASB) Now they were Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the mother of James; also the other women with them were telling these things to the apostles.
(Luke 24:11 NASB) And these words appeared to them as nonsense, and they would not believe them.
Luke 24:11: The women were not believed by the disciples. The words of Yeshua were apparently not believed by the disciples. But they had witnessed a brutal execution and they feared that they were next.
(Luke 24:12 NASB) But Peter arose and ran to the tomb; stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings only; and he went away to his home, marveling at that which had happened.
Luke 24:12: This verse is bracketed and is not included in many of the ancient documents. It appears to have been copied from John 20:3,5,6,10. It does not appear to be a “necessary” passage. While these passages are sometimes still included in the Brit Hadasha, those passages should not be included in developing any doctrines, but they often are.
(Luke 24:13 NASB) And behold, two of them were going that very day to a village named Emmaus, which was about seven miles from Jerusalem.
(Luke 24:14 NASB) And they were conversing with each other about all these things which had taken place.
(Luke 24:15 NASB) And it came about that while they were conversing and discussing, Jesus Himself approached, and began traveling with them.
(Luke 24:16 NASB) But their eyes were prevented from recognizing Him.
Luke 24:16: We are not told why they could not recognize Yeshua. It is possible that Yeshua, since He apparently took the Nazerite vow, He might have His head shaved. But it is more likely that they were simply prevented from recognizing Him by the Spirit of Elohim.
(Luke 24:17 NASB) And He said to them, “What are these words that you are exchanging with one another as you are walking?” And they stood still, looking sad.
(Luke 24:18 NASB) And one of them, named Cleopas, answered and said to Him, “Are You the only one visiting Jerusalem and unaware of the things which have happened here in these days?”
(Luke 24:19 NASB) And He said to them, “What things?” And they said to Him, “The things about Jesus the Nazarene, who was a prophet mighty in deed and word in the sight of God and all the people,
(Luke 24:20 NASB) and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him up to the sentence of death, and crucified Him.
(Luke 24:21 NASB) “But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, it is the third day since these things happened.
(Luke 24:22 NASB) “But also some women among us amazed us. When they were at the tomb early in the morning,
(Luke 24:23 NASB) and did not find His body, they came, saying that they had also seen a vision of angels, who said that He was alive.
(Luke 24:24 NASB) “And some of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just exactly as the women also had said; but Him they did not see.”
Luke 24:24: They were filling in Yeshua on what had happened.
(Luke 24:25 NASB) And He said to them, “O foolish men and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!
(Luke 24:26 NASB) “Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things and to enter into His glory?”
Luke 24:26: Many of the passages in the Tanakh spoke of those things (Psalm 22, 69, Isaiah 53, Zech 13:7).
(Luke 24:27 NASB) And beginning with Moses and with all the prophets, He explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures.
Luke 24:27: Yeshua explained to them many of the things concerning Him in the Tanakh.
(Luke 24:28 NASB) And they approached the village where they were going, and He acted as though He would go farther.
(Luke 24:29 NASB) And they urged Him, saying, “Stay with us, for it is getting toward evening, and the day is now nearly over.” And He went in to stay with them.
(Luke 24:30 NASB) And it came about that when He had reclined at the table with them, He took the bread and blessed it, and breaking it, He began giving it to them.
(Luke 24:31 NASB) And their eyes were opened and they recognized Him; and He vanished from their sight.
(Luke 24:32 NASB) And they said to one another, “Were not our hearts burning within us while He was speaking to us on the road, while He was explaining the Scriptures to us?”
(Luke 24:33 NASB) And they arose that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven and those who were with them,
(Luke 24:34 NASB) saying, “The Lord has really risen, and has appeared to Simon.”
(Luke 24:35 NASB) And they began to relate their experiences on the road and how He was recognized by them in the breaking of the bread.
(Luke 24:36 NASB) And while they were telling these things, He Himself stood in their midst.
(Luke 24:37 NASB) But they were startled and frightened and thought that they were seeing a spirit.
(Luke 24:38 NASB) And He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts?
(Luke 24:39 NASB) “See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself; touch Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.”
(Luke 24:40 NASB) And when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet.
(Luke 24:41 NASB) And while they still could not believe it for joy and were marveling, He said to them, “Have you anything here to eat?”
(Luke 24:42 NASB) And they gave Him a piece of a broiled fish;
(Luke 24:43 NASB) and He took it and ate it before them.
(Luke 24:44 NASB) Now He said to them, “These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled.”
Luke 24:44: There were many things written in all of the Tanakh about Him.
In the Torah we hear of the seed of the woman whose heel will be bruised, but He will bruise the head of Satan (Gen. 3:14-15).
Melchizedek is a picture of Messiah as the Prince of Jerusalem and the High Priest (Gen. 14:18).
Yeshua is the seed of Abraham through whom all the nations will be blessed Because Abraham was obedient to the Torah of the Father (Gen. 22:17-18).
He is described as the future ruler from Judah (Shiloh) who will receive the obedience of the peoples (Gen. 49:10).
The sacrifice of the Day of Atonement and the High Priest himself are pictures of Yeshua and His sacrifice (Lev. 16:18-19).
The bronze serpent made by Moses was also a picture of Him (Num. 21:8). Just as the people could look toward the serpent for deliverance from a fiery and painful death, we can look to Messiah for deliverance from a fiery and painful judgment.
The cities of refuge were a picture of Messiah in that a manslayer was released after the death of the High Priest (Num. 35:25).
The prophet like Moses spoken of in Deuteronomy is Yeshua (Deut. 18:15-19).
Yeshua said that Moses spoke of Him (John 5:46-47).
(Luke 24:45 NASB) Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures,
(Luke 24:46 NASB) and He said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and rise again from the dead the third day;
(Luke 24:47 NASB) and that repentance for forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
Luke 24:47: Yeshua reminds us that repentance is required for the forgiveness of sin. The very message of the Gospel is “repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” We are not forgiven without turning away from our disobedience to Torah and turning toward His ways. This is the common theme in the Brit Hadasha (Acts 17:30-31, 20:21, 26:20).
(Luke 24:48 NASB) “You are witnesses of these things.
(Luke 24:49 NASB) “And behold, I am sending forth the promise of My Father upon you; but you are to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”
Luke 24:49: The promise of the Father is the promise that His Spirit would dwell in His people. It is not a separate entity, but the breath of the Father.
(Luke 24:50 NASB) And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them.
(Luke 24:51 NASB) And it came about that while He was blessing them, He parted from them.
(Luke 24:52 NASB) And they returned to Jerusalem with great joy,
(Luke 24:53 NASB) and were continually in the temple, praising God.
Luke 24:53: The ascension of Yeshua is described by Luke in the first chapter of Acts.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas