(Luke 4:1 NASB) And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led about by the Spirit in the wilderness
(Luke 4:2 NASB) for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days; and when they had ended, He became hungry.
Luke 4:2: Yeshua was led about by the Spirit for forty days. He did not eat anything during those forty days. During these forty days, Yeshua was tempted by Satan in various ways. Why did this all take place? Surely there was a reason for this. It is recorded here in Luke and also in Matthew. It is definitely an important event.
There was one sure sign of Messiah that the people were to look for. That sign was that Elohim would send a “Prophet” like Moses and they were to listen to the Father’s Words that He would speak (Deut. 18:15-19).
In fasting for forty days in the wilderness, Yeshua was doing the same thing as Moses. Moses was on the top of a mountain in the wilderness and did not eat or drink for forty days (Exodus 34:27-28). The reason for this whole episode is to tell Israel that this Man is the Prophet like Moses, the One to look for and the One to which they must listen. This is further evidenced as this account unfolds.
(Luke 4:3 NASB) And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.”
(Luke 4:4 NASB) And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE.'”
Luke 4:4: Satan is telling Yeshua, “You are the Son of Elohim, do what Your Father did. Make these stones into bread in the same way Your Father provided bread from heaven for Israel.” Yeshua answered with the words of Moses when Moses was reminding Israel of the manna provided by Elohim for their sustenance (Deut. 8:2-3).
Keep in mind that every time Yeshua answered and rebuked Satan, He used the words of Moses in Deuteronomy. In the Matthew account, Yeshua quoted a larger part of this passage which included “But on every word that proceeds from the mouth of Elohim” (Matt. 4:4).
(Luke 4:5 NASB) And he led Him up and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.
(Luke 4:6 NASB) And the devil said to Him, “I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.
Luke 4:6: This was an instantaneous vision that was given. Satan was allowed to show Him the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.
In a very similar manner, Moses was taken to the top of Mount Nebo to see the Kingdom that Israel was about to possess. This was his last act as he was told he would die there (Deut. 32:49-50). In the Matthew account (which probably gives the proper chronology of the events of the temptations) this was the last of the temptations of Yeshua in the wilderness, just as this was Moses last act in the wilderness (Matt. 4:8-11).
(Luke 4:7 NASB) “Therefore if You worship before me, it shall all be Yours.”
(Luke 4:8 NASB) And Jesus answered and said to him, “It is written, ‘YOU SHALL WORSHIP THE LORD YOUR GOD AND SERVE HIM ONLY.'”
Luke 4:8: Yeshua once again rebukes Satan with the words of Elohim spoken through His prophet Moses (Deut. 6:13-15). Paul tells us that idolatry is actually the worship of demons (1 Cor. 10:20-22). Moses dealt with idolatry several times in trying to keep Israel away from it. In Torah, we are told that idolatry stems from wormwood poisoning (Deut. 29:17-20). This is why Elohim prohibited idolatry in His Torah. When we try to worship Him in the same manner that the Gentiles worship their idols and other false gods, we are worshipping demons even if we change the names (Deut. 12:29-32).
(Luke 4:9 NASB) And he led Him to Jerusalem and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here;
(Luke 4:10 NASB) for it is written, ‘HE WILL GIVE HIS ANGELS CHARGE CONCERNING YOU TO GUARD YOU,’
(Luke 4:11 NASB) and, ‘ON their HANDS THEY WILL BEAR YOU UP, LEST YOU STRIKE YOUR FOOT AGAINST A STONE.'”
Luke 4:11: Satan then led Yeshua to Jerusalem and took Him to the highest place on the Temple. From there, Satan quotes Psalm 91:11-12 about how angels will protect Him. And why does Satan quote this particular verse “lest you strike your foot against a stone?” I believe Satan is referencing how Moses struck a stone in disobedience to Elohim which kept him from leading Israel into the Promised Land of Canaan (Num. 20:11-13).
(Luke 4:12 NASB) And Jesus answered and said to him, “It is said, ‘YOU SHALL NOT PUT THE LORD YOUR GOD TO THE TEST.'”
Luke 4:12: Yeshua answered Satan by once again quoting the Words of Elohim given through His prophet Moses (Deut. 6:16). We are not to put Elohim to the test. We are told that this means we are not to question His presence (Ex. 17:5-7). The people of Israel questioned the presence of Elohim at the waters of Massah. it made Moses so angry that he disobeyed Elohim and in a way, “struck his foot against a stone.” Moses tripped up in his anger and struck the rock at Massah and Meribah.
Yeshua did not do this, even in His righteous anger at Satan.
(Luke 4:13 NASB) And when the devil had finished every temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time.
(Luke 4:14 NASB) And Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit; and news about Him spread through all the surrounding district.
(Luke 4:15 NASB) And He began teaching in their synagogues and was praised by all.
Luke 4:15: News spread of Yeshua through all the surrounding district and He began teaching in their synagogues and He was praised by all. It is likely that news spread that this is the Prophet like Moses. For this reason, the people knew to listen to Him in the synagogues and to praise Him (Deut. 18:15-19).
(Luke 4:16 NASB) And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read.
Luke 4:16: Yeshua begins His ministry at this time. It is a logical time to do this since He has shown Himself to be the Prophet.
(Luke 4:17 NASB) And the book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. And He opened the book, and found the place where it was written,
(Luke 4:18 NASB) “THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR. HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO THE CAPTIVES, AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO SET FREE THOSE WHO ARE DOWNTRODDEN,
(Luke 4:19 NASB) TO PROCLAIM THE FAVORABLE YEAR OF THE LORD.”
Luke 4:19: Yeshua quotes from the Scriptures most of Isaiah 61:1-2. Yeshua did not finish verse 2, but the chapter and verse designations in Scripture came much later. The part that Yeshau did not quote is the last part of the verse because it will be fulfilled at His return, not when He was there at that time.
He says that He will proclaim the favorable Year of Yahweh. Most people think that is a reference to the year of Jubilee which is the year that all debts are forgiven. But I tend to think that this is a reference to the “Day of Yahweh” which will apparently be one year long.
(Luke 4:20 NASB) And He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed upon Him.
(Luke 4:21 NASB) And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”
Luke 4:21: Yeshua tells them that He is the fulfillment of what He just read. He says that He is anointed by Elohim to make full the Year of Yahweh for all of Israel.
(Luke 4:22 NASB) And all were speaking well of Him, and wondering at the gracious words which were falling from His lips; and they were saying, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”
(Luke 4:23 NASB) And He said to them, “No doubt you will quote this proverb to Me, ‘Physician, heal yourself! Whatever we heard was done at Capernaum, do here in your home town as well.'”
(Luke 4:24 NASB) And He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his home town.
Luke 4:24: The people loved what He had to say. They could not refute His Words, nor did they try up to this time. But it then occurred to them, “isn’t this just the son of a carpenter?” They grew up with this guy. What makes HIM so special?
Apparently Yeshua performed some miracles in Capernaum before this. They wanted to see some miracles also.
Yeshua then states the fact that a prophet is not welcome in His home town. Jeremiah and others found this to be true.
(Luke 4:25 NASB) “But I say to you in truth, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the sky was shut up for three years and six months, when a great famine came over all the land;
(Luke 4:26 NASB) and yet Elijah was sent to none of them, but only to Zarephath, in the land of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.
Luke 4:26: Yeshua uses the example of Elijah to make his point. When there was famine in Israel in the days of Elijah, Elijah was not sent to any of the widows or hurting people in Israel. He was sent to the land of Sidon, to a widow there (1 Kings. 7:9-24).
(Luke 4:27 NASB) “And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, but only Naaman the Syrian.”
Luke 4:27: Yeshua also tells how although there were many lepers in Israel, that Elisha was sent to Naaman the Syrian to cure him of his leprosy (2 Kings 5:1-14).
Yeshua was using the Tanakh to tell the people of His hometown of Nazereth that they were not worthy of the miracles and signs of Elohim.
(Luke 4:28 NASB) And all in the synagogue were filled with rage as they heard these things;
(Luke 4:29 NASB) and they rose up and cast Him out of the city, and led Him to the brow of the hill on which their city had been built, in order to throw Him down the cliff.
(Luke 4:30 NASB) But passing through their midst, He went His way.
Luke 4:30: Yeshau was still in the synagogue where He was reading from Isaiah. Those present in the synagogue were furious at His words. The people attempted to murder Him, but they were unable to stop Him as He walked away.
(Luke 4:31 NASB) And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And He was teaching them on the Sabbath;
(Luke 4:32 NASB) and they were amazed at His teaching, for His message was with authority.
Luke 4:32: Yeshua came down to Capernaum where He previously had performed miracles. He was teaching them on the Sabbath as always. As in Nazereth, they were amazed at His teaching. They saw that His message has authority and power.
(Luke 4:33 NASB) And there was a man in the synagogue possessed by the spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud voice,
(Luke 4:34 NASB) “Ha! What do we have to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are– the Holy One of God!”
Luke 4:34: A demon possessed man was in the synagogue. He was obviously there for the purpose of displaying the power of Elohim. They knew the identity of Yeshua and used the title for Him used in Scripture (Psalm 16:10, Isaiah 49:7).
(Luke 4:35 NASB) And Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him down in their midst, he came out of him without doing him any harm.
Luke 4:35: Yeshua was not ready to be revealed at this time so He told the demon to be quiet. His time to be revealed was not yet.
(Luke 4:36 NASB) And amazement came upon them all, and they began discussing with one another saying, “What is this message? For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.”
(Luke 4:37 NASB) And the report about Him was getting out into every locality in the surrounding district.
Luke 4:37: The people were amazed at His Words, especially when they saw the power of His Words. This was prophesied in the Tanakh (Isa 52:13).
(Luke 4:38 NASB) And He arose and left the synagogue, and entered Simon’s home. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering from a high fever; and they made request of Him on her behalf.
(Luke 4:39 NASB) And standing over her, He rebuked the fever, and it left her; and she immediately arose and waited on them.
Luke 4:39: Simon’s mother-in-law was ill with a fever. Those in Simon’s home requested Yeshua to cure her. Yeshua rebuked the fever and it left her.
(Luke 4:40 NASB) And while the sun was setting, all who had any sick with various diseases brought them to Him; and laying His hands on every one of them, He was healing them.
(Luke 4:41 NASB) And demons also were coming out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Son of God!” And rebuking them, He would not allow them to speak, because they knew Him to be the Christ.
Luke 4:41: Yeshua began His ministry off with much healing of the people. One again, the demons were not to reveal Him at this time. It was not yet His time to officially reveal who He actually is. Regardless, if the people were to follow Him, it was not going to be through the word of demons.
(Luke 4:42 NASB) And when day came, He departed and went to a lonely place; and the multitudes were searching for Him, and came to Him, and tried to keep Him from going away from them.
(Luke 4:43 NASB) But He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, for I was sent for this purpose.”
Luke 4:43: Yeshua wanted time alone probably to talk to His Father. He was to preach the Kingdom to other cities. What does He mean when He says He is to “preach the Kingdom of Elohim?” It means that the Kingdom of Elohim is here (Mark 1:14-15, 4:17, 10:5-8). The “Gospel” is just that message. “Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.” Some have mistaken the Gospel to be “we must accept Jesus in our hearts.” That is “never” proclaimed to be the “Gospel.” Even in the famous passages that proclaim forgiveness of sins, repentence is required (Luke 24:46-47).
(Luke 4:44 NASB) And He kept on preaching in the synagogues of Judea.
Luke 4:44: Yeshua preached in the synagogues of Judea on the Sabbath. Yeshua kept Torah throughout His life and we should follow that example.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas