A Study in Luke
This text and the other three Gospels state that they came to the tomb early on Sunday morning. It does not state that Yeshua resurrected on Sunday morning. He likely resurrected on what we know as Saturday night after the sun went down on the Sabbath Day, not on Sunday morning. When they arrived at the break of dawn, He was already gone.
The whole body of the Sanhedrin arose and took Him to Pilate. Then they told lies about Him saying that He forbade the people to pay taxes to Caesar. This whole scenario was a set up beforehand (Luke 20:20-25). We are told that they marveled at His answer and kept silent (Luke 20:26). Since they could not catch Him with His Words, they made up words and bore false witness against Him. This too was prophesied (Psalm 64:3-6).
There are some logistical problems in sorting through the different Gospel accounts of the timing of these events. These problems are easily solved because the problems occur through translational nuances.
According to the Talmud, the treasury is a reference to 13 trumpet-shaped treasure boxes into which the money was thrown. They were located in the Court of the Women in the temple.
Those religious leaders who were given authority by the traditions of men came to Yeshua and asked Him if He has the credentials to teach the people. They want to expose Him as one who has not authority to teach and to say that the Kingdom of Elohim is at hand.
As Yeshua was passing through Jericho, there was a little guy who was a chief tax-gatherer who wanted to see Yeshua. And, as the story goes, he climbed a sycamore tree so he could see Him.
Yeshua just told them in the previous chapter about His return in judgement and that things will be very difficult. He says they are to pray and not lose heart. He tells them this parable concerning their heavenly Father and His provisions for them.
The term “stumbling blocks” is a reference to “hindrances.” It is mentioned along with those who commit lawlessness (Matt. 13:41-42, 16:23). The “stumbling blocks” are things that others do to attempt to cause people to commit lawlessness (1 Peter 2:7-8, 1 John 2:10-11).
This is called by most to be the parable of the “Unjust Steward.” This particular parable has been the most difficult for people to understand.
Why did Yeshua spend His time with tax-gatherers and other sinners? He knows that if a man turns away from his sin, he will save his life (Ezek. 18:27-31, 33:9-11). Yeshua came to save those that are His. That is exactly what He is doing.
This particular Sabbath Yeshua is invited to the house of one of the leaders of the Pharisees to eat. Notice that they were watching Him closely. They are setting Him up. They are wanting to confirm what they had heard from others.
This murderous act of Pilate is only recorded in Luke. The Galilaeans are frequently mentioned by Josephus as the most turbulent and seditious people, being upon all occasions ready to disturb the Roman authority. Pilate was a cruel ogre of a man. He intentionally tortured and killed many. His actions toward Yeshua and his cruel treatment of Him are a testimony forever to the evil in his heart.
There were thousands of people present and crammed together to hear the Words of Messiah. He told them to beware of the hypocrisy of the Pharisees. The Greek word for hypocrisy means “play-acting.” Their playing acting is spreading throughout Israel much like yeast spreads through dough.
Yeshua’s habit of praying to the Father did not escape the notice of His disciples. Apparently John taught his disciples what to pray and now His disciples want to know what is proper to ask the Father.
Why did Yeshua send out seventy others? It does point out the enormity of the number of people that had to be reached in a short period of time. Yeshua says in verse 9 that they will be able to heal others. Therefore, they have the Spirit of the Father. But why is He sending out seventy?
This is a parallel passage to what we see in Matthew 10 and Mark 6. Yeshua calls the twelve together and gave them specific power over demons and power to heal. This was a specific gift to His twelve disciples. Paul, as an apparent replacement for Judas, was given these same gifts.
Once again, Yeshua is proclaiming the Gospel to the people in all the villages. He is preaching that the Kingdom of Elohim is at hand and the people need to repent.
Yeshua finished His discourse in Judea and went to Capernaum. A certain centurion sent some Jewish elders to invite Yeshua to his home to heal a servant of his who was very ill. The elders told Yeshua that this man was worthy for his request to be given. Why was this man worthy?
What the disciples were doing was not against Torah (Deut. 23:25). They were in their neighbors grain fields. They were plucking the heads of the grain, rubbing them with their hands to remove the chaff, and eating them.
The multitudes were pressing Him because they wanted to hear the Word of Elohim. The wording of this is very interesting. How did they know that His Word was the Word of Elohim?
Yeshua was led about by the Spirit for forty days. He did not eat anything during those forty days. During these forty days, Yeshua was tempted by Satan in various ways. Why did this all take place?
It is necessary for Yeshua to be a blood descendant of Israel, according to Torah, in order for Yeshua to be Kinsman-Redeemer for all of Israel (Lev. 25:25).
While Yeshua was respectfully listening to the teachers, He was amazing them with His understanding and with His answers. He was Truly the Word of Elohim that became flesh and dwelt among us.
It is here that we are told that John would be the one who would perform the prophesied works of Elijah before the great and terrible day of Yahweh (Mal. 4:5-6). John is going to turn the hearts of the people back to Torah to make ready a people prepared for Elohim.
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