(Prov 10:1 NASB)  The proverbs of Solomon. A wise son makes a father glad, But a foolish son is a grief to his mother.

Prov 10:1:      This is a very basic truth in life.  This is a contrast between a wise son and a foolish son and the effects they have on their parents.


(Prov 10:2 NASB)  Ill-gotten gains do not profit, But righteousness delivers from death.

Prov 10:2:      The gains from theft and deception do not profit anyone (Psalm 49:6-10, Isa. 10:2-3).


(Prov 10:3 NASB)  The LORD will not allow the righteous to hunger, But He will thrust aside the craving of the wicked.

Prov 10:3:      Elohim will frustrate the desire of the wicked.  They will never find satisfaction.


(Prov 10:4 NASB)  Poor is he who works with a negligent hand, But the hand of the diligent makes rich.
(Prov 10:5 NASB)  He who gathers in summer is a son who acts wisely, But he who sleeps in harvest is a son who acts shamefully.

Prov 10:5:      Solomon says that diligence is rewarded while negligence is shameful.


(Prov 10:6 NASB)  Blessings are on the head of the righteous, But the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
(Prov 10:7 NASB)  The memory of the righteous is blessed, But the name of the wicked will rot.
(Prov 10:8 NASB)  The wise of heart will receive commands, But a babbling fool will be thrown down.

Prov 10:8:      The wise of heart will receive commands.  The Hebrew word for “commands” is Mitzvah.
Commands – H4687. mitsvah,  [846b]; from H6680; commandment:– command(15), commanded(6), commandment(34), commandments(118), commands(2), obligation(m)(1), prescribed(2), terms(1), things(m)(4), tradition*(m)(1), what is commanded(1).
It should be translated as “commandments.”  “The wise of heart will receive commandments.” (Psalm 119:34).  Yeshua spoke of those that are wise are those that receive His commandments.


(Prov 10:9 NASB)  He who walks in integrity walks securely, But he who perverts his ways will be found out.

Prov 10:9:      Integrity makes for a secure life (Psalm 23:3-4, 25:20-22 26:11-12).


(Prov 10:10 NASB)  He who winks the eye causes trouble, And a babbling fool will be thrown down.
(Prov 10:11 NASB)  The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life, But the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
(Prov 10:12 NASB)  Hatred stirs up strife, But love covers all transgressions.

Prov 10:12:      Hatred does stir up strife.  Hatred keeps revenge alive.  But in loving one another, we forgive and forget offenses.  Peter quotes this passage (1 Peter 4:8).


(Prov 10:13 NASB)  On the lips of the discerning, wisdom is found, But a rod is for the back of him who lacks understanding.
(Prov 10:14 NASB)  Wise men store up knowledge, But with the mouth of the foolish, ruin is at hand.

Prov 10:14:      There is more contrast between the wise and the foolish.


(Prov 10:15 NASB)  The rich man’s wealth is his fortress, The ruin of the poor is their poverty.

Prov 10:15:      Wealth can often protect one from trouble.  There is no protection, but ruin, in poverty.


(Prov 10:16 NASB)  The wages of the righteous is life, The income of the wicked, punishment.

Prov 10:16:      The wages of the righteous is life ( Isa. 3:10-11).


(Prov 10:17 NASB)  He is on the path of life who heeds instruction, But he who forsakes reproof goes astray.

Prov 10:17:      There are blessings and life for those who keep Torah (Luke 11:28).


(Prov 10:18 NASB)  He who conceals hatred has lying lips, And he who spreads slander is a fool.
(Prov 10:19 NASB)  When there are many words, transgression is unavoidable, But he who restrains his lips is wise.

Prov 10:19:      Our words can do much damage.  Solomon tells us we are wise to make them few.


(Prov 10:20 NASB)  The tongue of the righteous is as choice silver, The heart of the wicked is worth little.
(Prov 10:21 NASB)  The lips of the righteous feed many, But fools die for lack of understanding.

Prov 10:21:      The words of the righteous are precious and feed many.  But the wicked and foolish are worthless.


(Prov 10:22 NASB)  It is the blessing of the LORD that makes rich, And He adds no sorrow to it.

Prov 10:22:      If Elohim blesses us with wealth, He does not attach sorrow to it (Deut. 8:18).


(Prov 10:23 NASB)  Doing wickedness is like sport to a fool; And so is wisdom to a man of understanding.

Prov 10:23:      The wicked man and wise man have opposite hobbies and pleasures.


(Prov 10:24 NASB)  What the wicked fears will come upon him, And the desire of the righteous will be granted.
(Prov 10:25 NASB)  When the whirlwind passes, the wicked is no more, But the righteous has an everlasting foundation.

Prov 10:25:      The wicked will get what they fear most.  The desire of the righteous will be granted and will be eveerlasting.


(Prov 10:26 NASB)  Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, So is the lazy one to those who send him.

Prov 10:26:      Vinegar will decay the enamel of your teeth.  Those who employ someone who is lazy will be very irritated.


(Prov 10:27 NASB)  The fear of the LORD prolongs life, But the years of the wicked will be shortened.
(Prov 10:28 NASB)  The hope of the righteous is gladness, But the expectation of the wicked perishes.

Prov 10:28:      This is more contrast between the righteous and the wicked.  Elohim blesses the righteous and destroys the wicked.


(Prov 10:29 NASB)  The way of the LORD is a stronghold to the upright, But ruin to the workers of iniquity.

Prov 10:29:      Those who follow the ways of Elohim will be strengthened (Job 17:9).


(Prov 10:30 NASB)  The righteous will never be shaken, But the wicked will not dwell in the land.

Prov 10:30:      The wicked will not dwell in the land (Rev. 22:14-15 NKJV).


(Prov 10:31 NASB)  The mouth of the righteous flows with wisdom, But the perverted tongue will be cut out.
(Prov 10:32 NASB)  The lips of the righteous bring forth what is acceptable, But the mouth of the wicked, what is perverted.

Prov 10:32:      A man’s speech will reveal his character.

Patrick McGuire

Copyright 2014
Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly
All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews.
Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly
Fort Smith, Arkansas

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