(Prov 12:1 NASB)  Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, But he who hates reproof is stupid.

Prov 12:1:      Discipline is training by words or deeds.

 

(Prov 12:2 NASB)  A good man will obtain favor from the LORD, But He will condemn a man who devises evil.

Prov 12:2:      There is not much one can to add to this.  Elohim will grant favor to those who are obedient to Him and will condemn those that are not.

 

(Prov 12:3 NASB)  A man will not be established by wickedness, But the root of the righteous will not be moved.

Prov 12:3:      Wickedness cannot establish a man.  The root of the righteous will not be moved (Psalm 15:1-5).

 

(Prov 12:4 NASB)  An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, But she who shames him is as rottenness in his bones.

Prov 12:4:      An excellent wife is a crown to her husband.  Through her character she lifts her husband in the eyes of friends, neighbors, and coworkers.

 

(Prov 12:5 NASB)  The thoughts of the righteous are just, But the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.
(Prov 12:6 NASB)  The words of the wicked lie in wait for blood, But the mouth of the upright will deliver them.
(Prov 12:7 NASB)  The wicked are overthrown and are no more, But the house of the righteous will stand.

 

Prov 12:7:      Solomon gives a contrast between the words of the righteous compared to the counsel of the wicked.

 

(Prov 12:8 NASB)  A man will be praised according to his insight, But one of perverse mind will be despised.

Prov 12:8:      A man with wisdom and insight will be praised (Ecc. 8:1).

 

(Prov 12:9 NASB)  Better is he who is lightly esteemed and has a servant, Than he who honors himself and lacks bread.

Prov 12:9:      This is probably speaking of a man who is his own servant but is slighted compared to the man who honors himself and has nothing (Luke 14:11).

 

(Prov 12:10 NASB)  A righteous man has regard for the life of his beast, But the compassion of the wicked is cruel.

Prov 12:10:      This verse helps explain the meaning of some passages in Torah (Deut. 25:4, Ex. 23:19, Deut. 22:6-7).

 

(Prov 12:11 NASB)  He who tills his land will have plenty of bread, But he who pursues vain things lacks sense.

Prov 12:11:      Paul used this passage (1 Thes. 4:11-12)

 

(Prov 12:12 NASB)  The wicked desires the booty of evil men, But the root of the righteous yields fruit.

Prov 12:12:      The wicked man desires the booty of evil men to strengthen his own position.  The righteous depends on his integrity and relies on the Father.

 

(Prov 12:13 NASB)  An evil man is ensnared by the transgression of his lips, But the righteous will escape from trouble.
(Prov 12:14 NASB)  A man will be satisfied with good by the fruit of his words, And the deeds of a man’s hands will return to him.

Prov 12:14:      Words bear fruit just like deeds.

 

(Prov 12:15 NASB)  The way of a fool is right in his own eyes, But a wise man is he who listens to counsel.

Prov 12:15:      A fool does what he thinks is right and will not listen to the counsel of others.

 

(Prov 12:16 NASB)  A fool’s vexation is known at once, But a prudent man conceals dishonor.

Prov 12:16:      A fool shows his anger quickly.  A prudent man holds his anger in and ignores an insult.

 

(Prov 12:17 NASB)  He who speaks truth tells what is right, But a false witness, deceit.
(Prov 12:18 NASB)  There is one who speaks rashly like the thrusts of a sword, But the tongue of the wise brings healing.
(Prov 12:19 NASB)  Truthful lips will be established forever, But a lying tongue is only for a moment.

Prov 12:19:      This is more contrast between the words of the righteous and the fool.  The words of the righteous are true, wise, and bring healing. The words of the fool bring deceit and are intended to do harm.

 

(Prov 12:20 NASB)  Deceit is in the heart of those who devise evil, But counselors of peace have joy.
(Prov 12:21 NASB)  No harm befalls the righteous, But the wicked are filled with trouble.

Prov 12:21:      No harm befalls the righteous (Romans 8:28-31, 2 Cor. 4:17-18).

 

(Prov 12:22 NASB)  Lying lips are an abomination to the LORD, But those who deal faithfully are His delight.
(Prov 12:23 NASB)  A prudent man conceals knowledge, But the heart of fools proclaims folly.

Prov 12:23:      A prudent man is cautious and reserved.  A fool is quick to spout his ignorance.

 

(Prov 12:24 NASB)  The hand of the diligent will rule, But the slack hand will be put to forced labor.
(Prov 12:25 NASB)  Anxiety in the heart of a man weighs it down, But a good word makes it glad.

Prov 12:25:      Anxiety in a man’s heart will weigh it down.  A good word does the opposite.

 

(Prov 12:26 NASB)  The righteous is a guide to his neighbor, But the way of the wicked leads them astray.

Prov 12:26:      The NASB makes a statement about the righteous man.  The NKJV gives advice about choosing friends carefully, which is likely the proper translation.

 

(Prov 12:27 NASB)  A slothful man does not roast his prey, But the precious possession of a man is diligence.
(Prov 12:28 NASB)  In the way of righteousness is life, And in its pathway there is no death.

Prov 12:28:      Righteousness is life and in its pathway there is no death.  The Hebrew word for righteousness is tsedaqah.  This is the same Hebrew word used Deut. 6:25 (Romans 5:21, 6:22-23, Titus 2:11-14).

Patrick McGuire

Copyright 2014
Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly
All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews.
Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly
Fort Smith, Arkansas

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