(Rom 15:1 NASB) Now we who are strong ought to bear the weaknesses of those without strength and not just please ourselves.
Rom 15:1: Paul is continuing the theme of the previous chapter. Paul designates those who came out of idolatry and could not eat meat because of the imagery of that meat being an animal sacrificed to an idol, as being “weak” in faithfulness. He was speaking of how we need to be patient and non-judgmental of those who are weak in their faithfulness in this manner. While there is nothing Scripturally wrong with eating meat, eating meat appeared to be an act of idolatry to those who were weak.
He tells us to bear the weaknesses of those without strength. We are not to just live for ourselves.
(Rom 15:2 NASB) Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to his edification.
(Rom 15:3 NASB) For even Christ did not please Himself; but as it is written, “THE REPROACHES OF THOSE WHO REPROACHED THEE FELL UPON ME.”
Rom 15:3: Yeshua did not come to please Himself. He took on the reproach of those who reproach Elohim. Here Paul quotes Psalm 69:9.
(Rom 15:4 NASB) For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.
Rom 15:4: Paul is most certainly speaking of the Tanakh (Old Testament). The Tanakh was written for our “instruction.” Through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures, we might have hope.
(Rom 15:5 NASB) Now may the God who gives perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus;
(Rom 15:6 NASB) that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
(Rom 15:7 NASB) Wherefore, accept one another, just as Christ also accepted us to the glory of God.
Rom 15:7: Paul is telling us to accept one another. We are to be as one in showing our love for Messiah and following the commands of Elohim. There should be room for variation from one another within those bounds.
(Rom 15:8 NASB) For I say that Christ has become a servant to the circumcision on behalf of the truth of God to confirm the promises given to the fathers,
Rom 15:8: Yeshua became a servant to the Jewish people to confirm the promises given to the fathers.
(Rom 15:9 NASB) and for the Gentiles to glorify God for His mercy; as it is written, “THEREFORE I WILL GIVE PRAISE TO THEE AMONG THE GENTILES, AND I WILL SING TO THY NAME.”
Rom 15:9: Paul is quoting Psalm 18:49. He is showing that it is written that the Gentiles will praise the name of Elohim also, just as many of the blood Israelites have done also.
(Rom 15:10 NASB) And again he says, “REJOICE, O GENTILES, WITH HIS PEOPLE.”
(Rom 15:11 NASB) And again, “PRAISE THE LORD ALL YOU GENTILES, AND LET ALL THE PEOPLES PRAISE HIM.”
(Rom 15:12 NASB) And again Isaiah says, “THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF JESSE, AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES, IN HIM SHALL THE GENTILES HOPE.”
Rom 15:12: Paul is quoting Psalm 67:3-4, Psalm 117:1, and Isaiah 11:1, 10. He is proving his point with Scriptures that the Gentiles would praise His name.
(Rom 15:13 NASB) Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.
(Rom 15:14 NASB) And concerning you, my brethren, I myself also am convinced that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, and able also to admonish one another.
Rom 15:14: Concerning the believing Jews (my brethren), Paul is telling them that they know the Scriptures very well. They have all knowledge. He tells them they can properly instruct and correct one another according to Scriptures.
(Rom 15:15 NASB) But I have written very boldly to you on some points, so as to remind you again, because of the grace that was given me from God,
(Rom 15:16 NASB) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles, ministering as a priest the gospel of God, that my offering of the Gentiles might become acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
Rom 15:16: “But…” Paul is admonishing them to be ministering as priests to the Gentiles who are learning. They are to be patient with them. Especially concerning the “doubtful things” or “opinions” spoken of in the last chapter. Paul says he has spoken very boldly to them concerning these things. They need to help the Gentiles become acceptable offerings to Elohim. But they don’t need to quarrel with them over non-Scriptural issues.
(Rom 15:17 NASB) Therefore in Christ Jesus I have found reason for boasting in things pertaining to God.
(Rom 15:18 NASB) For I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me, resulting in the obedience of the Gentiles by word and deed,
(Rom 15:19 NASB) in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
Rom 15:19: Notice what Paul will boast of. He will only boast of things that Messiah has accomplished through him that results in obedience in the Gentiles by word and deed.
Paul will only boast in the way Elohim has used him to bring the Gentiles to obedience to Torah. Paul is trying to get these Jewish believers to have the same type of ministry to the Gentile believers.
(Rom 15:20 NASB) And thus I aspired to preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, that I might not build upon another man’s foundation;
(Rom 15:21 NASB) but as it is written, “THEY WHO HAD NO NEWS OF HIM SHALL SEE, AND THEY WHO HAVE NOT HEARD SHALL UNDERSTAND.”
Rom 15:21: Paul aspired to teach of Messiah to those who have never heard. This is in fulfillment of Isaiah 52:15 and 65:1.
(Rom 15:22 NASB) For this reason I have often been hindered from coming to you;
(Rom 15:23 NASB) but now, with no further place for me in these regions, and since I have had for many years a longing to come to you
(Rom 15:24 NASB) whenever I go to Spain– for I hope to see you in passing, and to be helped on my way there by you, when I have first enjoyed your company for a while–
(Rom 15:25 NASB) but now, I am going to Jerusalem serving the saints.
Rom 15:25: This is later in Paul’s ministry. He has already traveled most of the world to teach of Messiah.
But now, he is going to Jerusalem to serve the saints.
(Rom 15:26 NASB) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.
(Rom 15:27 NASB) Yes, they were pleased to do so, and they are indebted to them. For if the Gentiles have shared in their spiritual things, they are indebted to minister to them also in material things.
(Rom 15:28 NASB) Therefore, when I have finished this, and have put my seal on this fruit of theirs, I will go on by way of you to Spain.
Rom 15:28: Paul says that he will stop by there on his way to Spain.
(Rom 15:29 NASB) And I know that when I come to you, I will come in the fulness of the blessing of Christ.
(Rom 15:30 NASB) Now I urge you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God for me,
(Rom 15:31 NASB) that I may be delivered from those who are disobedient in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may prove acceptable to the saints;
Rom 15:31: Paul knows that he is not going to have an easy time in Jerusalem. He knows there are those who want his life.
(Rom 15:32 NASB) so that I may come to you in joy by the will of God and find refreshing rest in your company.
(Rom 15:33 NASB) Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.
Rom 15:33: This is likely the end of the original letter sent to the Romans followers of Messiah. Some say that chapter 16 was a fragment of unknown origin of a letter from Paul that was found and added to the end of this letter. Since chapter 15 gives a fitting end to the letter, it is likely true that chapter 16 was added.
Patrick McGuireCopyright 2014 Patrick McGuire and Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly All rights reserved, no portion of this Lesson may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. Beit Yeshua Torah Assembly Fort Smith, Arkansas