This is the beginning of the Hebrew calendar as far as we know for certain. But it probably existed from the very beginning. The first month is given the name Abib (Ex. 13:4), which means “spring” or “a young ear of grain.” It overlaps with the modern months of March and April. Most of the months in Scripture did not have names. They are only numbered except for the first one. This changes after they leave Babylon. They adopted the names of the months from the Babylonians who named the months after their gods.
Once again, Elohim hardened Pharaoh’s heart. Elohim once again states His reason for this hardening. Future generations are to be told of this and He is to be glorified. That is also the reason behind Torah (Deut. 6:20-25). When we remove or discard His Torah, we are not giving Him the glory He so richly deserves.
This particular comment “I make you as Elohim to Pharaoh” is an interesting one. It is a simile, but the “as” is not in the original text. Therefore it should read “I will make you Elohim to Pharaoh,…” It is obviously a metaphor, but to Pharaoh, the power of Elohim will seem to derive from Moses.
Elohim is apparently not saying that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did not know Him by “Yahweh,” because they did (Gen. 12:7-8). Rather, He is saying that Israel did not know the power in the name of Yahweh and it was not previously demonstrated to them. He is going to demonstrate to them that His Word is steadfast and that He will keep His covenant He made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob by delivering them from Egypt and into the land of Canaan.
After Moses and Aaron met with the elders of Israel, they went in to Pharaoh. They stated the command from Yahweh to Pharaoh. Pharaoh’s response is very interesting. He says, “Who is Yahweh?” Elohim says that He places the plagues on Egypt for the sole purpose of answering that question (Ex. 7:4-5). He sent the plagues upon Egypt and spared Israel in order to proclaim His Name in all the earth (Ex. 9:14-16). Keep in mind that Pharaoh considered himself a god. He wants to know how this Elohim will measure up to him. He will soon find out.